Historical, archeological, natural, religious and cultural spots
01. War Cemetery (burial building/edifice of the World War II)
The burial ground of the soldiers who were killed in the South Asian Region in the World War II is located at Mahedibag of the town. At the entrance gate, there are inscriptions about the identity of the soldiers and sailors/navigators who died in the war of this region. In the burial ground, 755 graves are arranged in a row and each of the graves has a small name plate on which the name of the person killed, designation, age, date of being killed and other information are written down. In the burial ground of 7 acres of land, 375 persons of the United Kingdom, 25 persons of Canada, 9 persons of Australia, 2 persons of New Zealand, 214 persons of the then Bharatbarsa, 101 persons of Africa, 2 persons of the then Burma (Myanmar ), 1 person of the Netherlands and 19 persons of Japan are buried there. A good number of tourists from home and abroad visit the War Cemetery daily. For the tourists, the War Cemetery remains open every day, from 8: oo A.M to 12: oo noon, and again from 2: oo P.M to 5: oo P.M, other than the government holidays.
02. Laldighi Maidan (ground/field)
The Laldighi Maidan (ground/field) at the heartland of Chittagang survives as the upholder of the past traditions. This Laldighi Maidan (ground/field) starting especially from Anti-British Movement is the centre for realizing the rights of the common people/ the masses including the great Independence Movement. Many epoch-making/historic meetings were held here, and many great, eligible and eminent leaders from home and abroad delivered their speeches here for the freedom of human beings. During that time the entire plain land from the foot of the hill of the Headquarters of the Metropolitan Police to the foot of the Parir Pahar on the west was called Municipal Maidan. The Municipal Maidan bifurcated after the construction of the North-South Road at the end of the nineteenth century. The eastern part became the field for common people and after the founding of the Muslim High School; the field became the playground of the Muslim High School. At present this field is known as Laldighir Maidan. Before the British rule, there was a small pool, at the place of the present Dighi. In the early period of the British rule, this small pool was excavated into a Dighi. There were Magistrate courts and the Treasury Buildings on the east of the Laldighi. Those buildings were red in color, so the buildings were called ‘Lalkuthi.’ During the British rule, the jail was built on the north- south corner of this Kuthir. The color of the wall of the jail was red, so the jail was called ‘Lalghar’ (red house). The Dighi was named ‘Laldighi’ after the names of ‘Lalkuthi’ and ‘Lalghar.’ Besides these, there were big Krisnachura trees (a kind of flowering tree) on the banks of the Laldighi. During flowering season, krishnachura flowers made the surroundings of the Laldighi deep red. Taking all these things into consideration, this historic field has become known as Laldighi Maida.
03. Sufi Amanat Shah (R) Mazar (shrine)
The Mazar or Dargha is located on the north of Chittagong Central Jail and on the east of the Laldighi Maidan. This Dargha was built in nineteenth century. It is learnt that Hazrat Shah Amanat (R) served for a long time as a peon in the Judge Court. This is why his spiritual powers were unknown to people for a long time.
04. Mazar of Baijid Bostami (R)
The Mazar of Baijid Bostami (R) is located at Najirhat area of Chittagong town. This Mazar which has grown and developed in the name of Baijid Bostami (R), the celebrated Sufi of Iran, is a place of attraction for the devout Muslims of Chittagong as well as for the tourists at home and abroad. Baijid Bostami (R) in the middle of the ninth century came from Persia to Chittagong by sea in order to preach Islam. The structure of this tomb was first discovered in 1831 in a walled yard on the top of the hill. Later on the tomb was replaced by modern structure. At the foot of the graveyard there is a three-domed rectangular mosque of Mogul style and there is also a large Dighi. From the architectural point of view, it is assumed that the mosque was built during the time of Mogul Emperor Aurangzeb. Tortoises and Gajar machh (Giant Snakehead) in the Dighi located at the foot of the Mazar are noted. In the local language they are called Mazari and Gajari. These tortoises are very rare and nearly extinct species. Hearsay goes that Baijid Botami (R) turned the wicked and mischievous jins into tortoises by way of punishment and gave life sentence to live in the Dighi.
05. Bandal Church
This is the main church of the Roman Catholic and is located in the heartland of Chittagong town. The pillars inside the walls of the church, which were built during British times, were made of attractive artistic designs. The church controlled/ managed by the Pope of Itlay has a serviceable Ashram and graveyards set up severally for the commoners and the priests. The beautiful and fascinating atmosphere enchants and bewitches the visitors. Marriage ceremony of the Roman Catholic Communities is held here.
In the middle of the nineteenth century based on the teachings of the holy Quran and the Hadith, a spiritual system/ way was initiated for preaching by Gausul Azam Hazrat Syed Ahmed Ullah Maijbhandari. According to his name this spiritual attainment/ practice has gained wide knowledge in human society as ‘Maijebhandari system/way.’ Later on Sufi devotee/ votary Hazrat Mawlana Shah Golam Rahman Maijbhandari as his successor was born in Hijri year 1284, (Christia year 1865) at the village Maijbhandar under Fatikchhari Police Station, 40 kilometers on the north from Chittagong Town and took the office of a Khalifa (caliph). Every year on the occasion of the anniversary (birth 27 Ashin, and death 22 Chaitra) of Shah Golam Rahman, many votaries from home and abroad visit the shrine and pray for the salvation of the departed souls.
07. Andarkilla Mosque
Andarkilla Jami Mosque is located on the Andarkilla hillock and it is the original mosque of Chittagog town. Chittagong came under the Mogul rule in 1666 and then General Bujargo Umed Kha the victor of Chitagong was appointed the first ruler here. He was the son of Nabab Shaista Kha, the then Subadar of Subah Bangla. From the rock or stone inscription, it is learnt that Nabab Bujargo Umed Kha built this mosque in Hijri 1078, or 1667 A.D.
08. Sri Sri Chateswahri Kali Bigraha Temple
The Hindu temple which is one of the noted ones in Bangladesh is situated on the corner of three hills by the Chateswahri Road. The Kali Mandir is on the left and the Shib Mandir is on the right of the paved terrace which is a bit higher than the Main Road. This Mandir was heavily damaged during the War of Liberation in 1971. Then with the help and cooperation of the followers of the traditional Hindu religion, the Kali Statue was made of touchstone and the Shiva Statue was made of white stone.
09. Shrine of Hazrat Shah Bu-ali Kalandar(R)
The seat or dwelling place of one saint of the name of Shah Bu-ali Kalandar became known as Mazar (shrine). This Mazar is located on Karaldanga hill under Ahla Karaldanga Union Parishad in Boalkhali Upazila. History bears witness that the name ‘Boalkhali’ has been established on the name of Hazrat Shah Bu-ali Kalandar (R). It is assumed that this seat or dwelling place was discovered at least 700 years ago. Oros is held here on the 2nd and 5th of Falgun (Bengali month) every year. Centering on the occasion, thousands of devotees gather here.
10. Chandranath Mandir(temple), Chandranath Pahar(hill), Sitakunda
Sitakunda as a place of pilgrimage is heartily/ cordially received by the followers of Hinduism of the whole of India including Bangladesh. Apart from being a place of pilgrimage, this place attracts the tourists because of its natural beauty. Chandranath Pahar is one of the places of interest of Sitakunda. This Chandranath Pahar is located on the Dhaka-Chittagong Road and is 40 kilometers away from Chittagong town and only 4 kilometers on the east from Sitakinda Bazar. There is hearsay that one king of Nepal being commanded in a dream placed five Shiva Mandirs in five places of the world. These are Pashupatinath of Nepal, Biswanath of Kashi, Bhutonath of Pakistan, Adinath of Maheskhali, and Chandranath temple of Sitakunda. From histories and scriptures, it is learnt that Mahamuni Bhargab lived there when Ramchandra son of Doshorath king of Ajodha came here during his exile with his wife Sita. Mahamuni Bhargab on the occasion of their arrival and for providing them with bath facilities made three kundos (tank/ basin) or Chaubachcha (a rectangular water reservoir/cistern). Sita took her bath in this Kundas that is why this place has been named as Sitakundo. The hill is 1,155 ft. high; the Mahadev Mandir lies on the highest hill-top, and the Mandir of Biropakho Mahadev is located on the nest top of the hill. While climbing the Chandranath Mandir, you will find some other Mandirs and statues of Hindu gods and goddesses on the way.
Apart from these, there lie foot prints of the founder of Buddhism and Buddha-kup. There is hearsay that the bones of fingers of the Buddha were buried in Chndranath Hill. The foot prints of Buddha Dev are imprinted on a piece of stone behind Chandranath Hill. Besides these, the Buddhist in the hope of gaining virtue threw the bones of dead relatives into a well named Buddha-Kup. For all these reasons Chandranath Mandir area is cordially accepted as a place of pilgrimage for the followers of Hinduism and Buddhism.
Apart from Chandranath Mandir, there is another Mandir of the name of Sita Mandir. Innumerable virtuous people from different countries of the world including Bangladesh attend the Shivachaturdashi Fair.
11. Sitakunda Eco Park
The largest Eco Park in South Asia is located at the Sitakunda Upazila 33 kilometers away from the main town of Chittagong. This Eco Park full of biodiversity of various species has innumerable rare trees. Many trees and plants and forest animals attract the tourists. There are two fountains in the Eco Park of Sitakunda—one is named Suptodhara and the other is Sahasradhara. Here, damps have been built officially to construct man made lake to hold water. Apart from the artificial lakes, there are old Mandirs, Buddha Kunda (pool) and fire of natural gas.
12. Botanical Garden
A Botanical Garden has been created at Sitakunda under the supervision of the Department of Forest. There lie various and nearly extinct trees and splendour of beautiful flowers in this Botanical Garden. There lie various types of trees, and narrow ways through the arranged rows of trees. Considering all things together, the garden attracts and bewitches the travelers.
13. Ethnic Museums
There are two Ethnic museums in Asia continent. One is in Tokyo and the other is in Agrabad the commercial area of Chittagong. This museum was established in 1965. There are 4 galleries and a big hall room. In three galleries of the Museum there are 25 various weapons, flower-vases, cloths, boats, scissors, ornaments, bamboo-pipes etc. of the ethnic groups—-Chakma, Murma, Tanchang, Khumi, Murang, Sautal, Garo, Chak, Manipuri, Tripura, Hajang, Leshei, Simuji, Bawm etc. and in other galleries the life-styles of some communities of Bharat, Pakistan, and Australia, have been shown/displayed. Arrangements have been made to give the visitors ideas about various festivals and culture of the ethnic groups of people by means of wall paintings in the hall room. Every day other than Sunday and holidays, this Museum remains open to the visitors.
14. Zia Memorial Museum
During the British rule, East Bengal and Assam Province were formed after the partition of Bengal. And for the stay of Lord Saheb, the supervisor of Chittagong which was located on the east of Palton Hill, the Chittagong Circuit House was constructed in 1913. It is a building of interest built in the western and Chinese construction-styles. On the night of 30 May, 1981 Major-General (retd.) Ziaur Rahman, the then President of Bangladesh was killed by a group of rebel armed forces. Thereafter, this Circuit House was turned into Zia Memorial Museum.
15. Bangladesh Military Academy
The first Training Centre of the Military Forces in the name of Bangladesh Military Academy was established in Comilla on 11 January, 1974. The Bangladesh Military Academy was shifted to Bhatiary in 1976. Cadets of Military, Naval, and Air-Forces Colleges undergo military training for two years in the naturally beautiful academy surrounded by hills and the sea. Here training is provided on the art of warfare, map-reading, physical fitness, and military tactics, and along with other military training B.A degree is conferred.
16. Bhatiary Lake and Golf Club
Natural variety of outstanding beauty lies in Bhatiary which is 20 minutes’ distance from the City Gate of Chittagong Town. Here lie hills, man made lakes and army controlled subcontinent’s biggest Golf Course made by digging the hills. There are sunset points to watch and enjoy the bewitching sunset scene on the side of the hills. It is very delightful to enjoy boat-trips, and catching fishes in the lake.
17. Butterfly Park
The only Butterfly Park in the country is located on the Shah Amanath (R) International Airport two kilometers away from the area of Patenga Seashore. Here one can avail oneself of the chance of seeing the living butterflies and at the same time especially preserved dead butterflies too. Besides these, there are Children Parks, and facilities for picnic, restaurants, boat-trips etc in the lake.
18. Mahamaya Irregation Project and the Lake
This traditional Mahamaya Project is located in Durgapur Union of Mirsharai Upazila. The purposes of the project were to provide with irrigation facilities on either side of the Mahamaya Chhara in the dry season, and prevention of water-logging in the project site during the rainy season. Here the bewitching natural scene has turned it into a tourist center.
19. Sheikh Russel Aviary and Recreation Park
The first cable car in the country was set up around the green forest of Kodalia Ban Beat in Rangunia, Cittagong. Here, at the same time, the sole Aviary and Recreation Centers have been set up. For the preservation of natural and forest animals, doing research and providing recreation, the largest aviary in Asia in the name of Russel Aviary and Recreation Park has been set up at Rangunia on five hundred acres of land which comprises mainly vast forest land and hilly region. The 2 kilometer long cable car line, the third biggest in the world has been set up to watch the entire park area from above. There are high standard hotels and restaurants including other facilities here.
20. Foy’s Lake
The man made Foy’s Lake at Khulshi area, not far away from Pahartoli Rail station, is 8 kilometers away from Chittagong Town. It was excavated under the supervision of the authorities of Assam Bengal Railway in 1924 and at that time it was known as the Pahartali Lake. Later it was named after English Railway Engineer Foy. This lake has been constructed on 336 acres of land by raising a dam across a narrow valley in between two tops of hills. Close to Foy’s Lake lies Battaly Hill the highest hill in the Chittagong town. Close to the south of the Pahartali Railway Station, there lies another man made lake which was excavated before the construction of Foy’s Lake by the Assam Bengal Railway Authorities in 1920. Both man made lakes as tourist centers attract native and foreign tourists. At present, centering on the lake, a Recreation Park has been set up, where boat-trips, restaurant, tracking and concert facilities are provided. At present birds of rare species are seen there. Chittagong Zoo lies near Foy’s Lake.
21. Patenga Sea-beach
Patenga Sea-beach is located at the estuary / mouth of the Karnafuli River and the Bay of Bengal. This sea-beach is at a distance of about 20 kilometers from the Chittagong town. On the way to Patenga from Chittagong town, you will see big factories, Marin Academy, and the Karnafuli River. Shah Amanat (R) International Airport and the Naval Base BNS Isakhan are situated near Patenga. Apart from these, many jetties of Chittagong are here. The contrast of the water of the Karnafuli and that of the Bay of Bengal in their estuary is evidently vivid and clear. At night from the beach of the naval academy on the bank of the Karnafuli River, one can enjoy the beauty of the estuary.
22. Parki Sea-beach
Parki is one of the country’s sea-beaches located at the estuary of the Karnfuli River in Anowara Upazila of south Chittagong. This is located only 22 kilometers on the south from Chittagong town and 8 kilometers from the Anowara Sadar Upazila. This sandy beach is about 15 kilometers long and from 250 to 300 ft. wide. After crossing the newly constructed Karnafuli third bridge, one will find on the Chataki-Parki Road Korean EPZ (KEPZ), Karnafuli Fertilizer Company (KAFCO) and Chittagong Urea Fertilizer Factory Limited (CUFL).
23. Banshkhali Eco-Park
The Eco Park is located at Bamerchhara and Danerchhara of the conserved forest region under Jaldi forest beat of Banshkhali Upazila 60 kilometers on the south-west from Chittagong town. Banshkhali Eco Park stands on 1200 hectares of land and it comprises hills, forests, and lakes, and it is an ideal site for the tourists who are thirsty for travel/tour. During winter a good number of migratory birds of various species come to the lakes.
24. Bana-bhumi Tourist Centre
This tourist centre is located in Sandwip. Every day at 9: 00 A.M steamers leave from Chittagong Sadarghat for Sandwip. Besides, one can go to Sandwip by launch from Kumira of Sitakunda. There are residential hotels in Sandwip to stay at night there. The calm and quiet atmosphere or ambience surrounds the green extensive forest, the sea, and the flocks of birds. Another attraction for Sandwip is the famous Musa Khan Masjid (mosque).
25. Mazar of Hazrat Mohen Aulia (R.)
This Mazar (shrine) is located at Rustam Hat of the village Bat-tali in Anowara Upazila of Chittagong.
26. Kadam Mubarak Mosque
During the Muslim rule Nabab Easin Khan the ruler of Chittagong built this mosque. He collected pieces of stone with foot print of Hazrat Muhammad (S) and placed it in the room next to the mosque. Since then the mosque had come to be known to the people as Kakam Mubarak Mosque.
27. Kai-balya Dham
This memorial temple of Sree Sree Ramthakur is located in the natural environment of Pahar-Tali. Here the religious and social festivals of the Hinduism and the festivities of Ramthakur are held here.
28. Railway Museum
The only Railway Museum of the country managed by Bangladesh Railway is located in lovely surroundings of the Pahar-toli area of Chattagong.
29. Sreepur Bura Mosque
This mosque is situated at the village Amuchia in Boalkhali Upazila. It is learnt that the mosque was built about three hundred years ago and the mosque came to be known as ‘Bura Mosjid’ from “Bura Hujore” a title of an old, devout father of one Wasin Chowdhury.
30. Buddha Gayar Bodhi-taro (Bodhi or enlightenment tree)
To find out the way of salvation (freedom from human bondage and sufferings), the Bodhi Gayar tree under which Gautama Bhuddha passed six years in serious meditation and attained supreme knowledge, had two seedlings which were planted by grafting in two places of the world— one in Anuradhapur of Singhale and the other at the Bodhi-drum Vihara yard of the village of Baidyapara under the Union Ahala-Karaldanga of Boalkhali.
31. Kalachand Thakur Bari
Commanded or inspired in a dream, the indigenous inhabitant monk Kalachand Carpenter of Hathazari Upazila in Chittagong set up statues and temples at the Acharjya Para of Popadia. Later the Ashram is named as Kalachand Thakur Bari.
32. Tiger Pass
The meeting place of some roads of hilly towns of Chittagong is called the Tiger Pass. There are high hills on either side of the road. Even in the last half of the nineteenth century, these hills were covered with dense and deep forests. Tigers roamed even in broad daylight there. For the disturbance or nuisance of the tigers this area became Tiger Pass.
33. Batali Hill
Batali Hill is located in the heartland of Chittagong and is the highest hill. The height of this hill is about 280 ft. Batali Hill is locally called ‘Zilapi Pahar’ The highest summit is calld Shataio Angan. From here you can see clearly the whole of Chittagong and the Bay of Bengal.
34. D C Hill
It is located on the Buddha Mandir Road 1 kilometer away from the centre that is from the Zero Point. On the top of the hill, the official residence of the Deputy Commissioner is situated. There are a good number of high trees around the hill. There is a park here.
35. Karnafuli River
The Karnafuli River originated from Leshei Pahar in Mizoram of India crossed 170 miles through Parbatta Chittagong and Chittagong fell into the Bay of Bengal. The Chittagong town lies on the north-west bank of the Karnafuli River.
36. Local Tradition and Festival
Majban (feast) is a social function in Chittagong. The Persian meaning of the word is ‘inviter.’ But in Chittagong the word ‘Majban’ is widely prevalent and it is the only official / fashionable name of mass-feast arranged on a certain occasion. At present in some big towns majban system has been introduced.